Ficus Benghalensis, the Banyan Tree
The Banyan Tree is one of the few species that can grow into giant trees of truth, reaching several hectares. Its main feature is aerial roots, which grow downwards to root and support.
This is known as Fulcrea Root.
The other names of the Baniano
The banyan is also known by the following "nicknames".
- Bengal fig tree
- Fig Strangler
The plant reminds us of practically nothing of figs, however the plant is in the same family. The definition of "Strangler" instead refers to the fact that it is an Epiphytic plant.
The Banyan is original from India and Sri Lanka, and reproduces easily through seed or stake, spreading through the original place of birth through the aforementioned aerial roots, thus "becoming independent" of the main trunk and moving great distances.
How to grow Baniano
Outdoor-grown Banyan can reach colossal sizes, but it also has a "smaller" shape to enjoy inside our homes. The secret is that the Baniano Plant expands depending on the terrain where it lives, thus adapting without perishing even if they are small.
Despite this and that they adapt to any type of pot, it is convenient to transplant them every two or three years and highlight their shoots so that the size does not harm the plant, and that it branches.
It is best to propagate our Baniano Plant through its softwood cuttings , although it can also be done by seeds.
The soil that feeds it should be moist by preference, and well drained. It must also receive light indirectly, or filtered, thus avoiding direct exposure to such light. This could burn the leaves and they get lost over the weeks.
Its normal growth takes place in temperatures that are around 21ºC in summer, and between 11-18ºC in Winter. It should also be noted that the plant is delicate in the face of cold currents.
Watering the banyan (Ficus benghalensis)
For a healthy growth and ensure years of life, it is convenient to know all the details about the irrigation of the Baniano. It should be noted that they usually grow in relatively humid environments.
One way to achieve this is to spray it regularly, but with care not to overdo it. If the roots become too wet, they can yellow and lose the leaves.
Between waterings, the soil should be dried, checking the top of the substrate. In addition, it is convenient that we fertilize it at least once a month in spring and summer, and once every two months in autumn and winter.
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